Summary: ATP synthase delta (OSCP) subunit
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ATP synthase delta subunit Edit Wikipedia article
|ATP synthase delta (OSCP) subunit|
Structure of the N-terminal domain of the delta subunit of the E. coli ATPsynthase.
ATP synthase delta subunit is a subunit of bacterial and chloroplast ATPase, or OSCP (oligomycin sensitivity conferral protein) in mitochondrial ATPase (note that in mitochondria there is a different delta subunit, IPR001469).
The OSCP/delta subunit appears to be part of the peripheral stalk that holds the F1 complex alpha3beta3 catalytic core stationary against the torque of the rotating central stalk, and links subunit A of the F0 complex with the F1 complex. In mitochondria, the peripheral stalk consists of OSCP, as well as F0 components F6, B and D. In bacteria and chloroplasts the peripheral stalks have different subunit compositions: delta and two copies of F0 component B (bacteria), or delta and F0 components B and B (chloroplasts).
- Wilkens S, Dunn SD, Chandler J, Dahlquist FW, Capaldi RA (March 1997). "Solution structure of the N-terminal domain of the delta subunit of the E. coli ATPsynthase". Nat. Struct. Biol. 4 (3): 198–201. doi:10.1038/nsb0397-198. PMID 9164460.
- Walker JE, Runswick MJ, Neuhaus D, Montgomery MG, Carbajo RJ, Kellas FA (2005). "Structure of the F1-binding domain of the stator of bovine F1Fo-ATPaseand how it binds an alpha-subunit". J. Mol. Biol. 351 (4): 824–838. doi:10.1016/j.jmb.2005.06.012. PMID 16045926.
 Further reading
Wilkens, S.; Rodgers, A.; Ogilvie, I.; Capaldi, R. A. (1997). "Structure and arrangement of the delta subunit in the E. Coli ATP synthase (ECF1F0)". Biophysical chemistry 68 (1–3): 95–102. PMID 9468613.
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ATP synthase delta (OSCP) subunit Provide feedback
The ATP D subunit from E. coli is the same as the OSCP subunit which is this family. The ATP D subunit from metazoa are found in family PF00401.
External database links
This tab holds annotation information from the InterPro database.
InterPro entry IPR000711
Transmembrane ATPases are membrane-bound enzyme complexes/ion transporters that use ATP hydrolysis to drive the transport of protons across a membrane. Some transmembrane ATPases also work in reverse, harnessing the energy from a proton gradient, using the flux of ions across the membrane via the ATPase proton channel to drive the synthesis of ATP.
There are several different types of transmembrane ATPases, which can differ in function (ATP hydrolysis and/or synthesis), structure (e.g., F-, V- and A-ATPases, which contain rotary motors) and in the type of ions they transport [PUBMED:15473999, PUBMED:15078220]. The different types include:
- F-ATPases (F1F0-ATPases), which are found in mitochondria, chloroplasts and bacterial plasma membranes where they are the prime producers of ATP, using the proton gradient generated by oxidative phosphorylation (mitochondria) or photosynthesis (chloroplasts).
- V-ATPases (V1V0-ATPases), which are primarily found in eukaryotic vacuoles and catalyse ATP hydrolysis to transport solutes and lower pH in organelles.
- A-ATPases (A1A0-ATPases), which are found in Archaea and function like F-ATPases (though with respect to their structure and some inhibitor responses, A-ATPases are more closely related to the V-ATPases).
- P-ATPases (E1E2-ATPases), which are found in bacteria and in eukaryotic plasma membranes and organelles, and function to transport a variety of different ions across membranes.
- E-ATPases, which are cell-surface enzymes that hydrolyse a range of NTPs, including extracellular ATP.
F-ATPases (also known as F1F0-ATPase, or H(+)-transporting two-sector ATPase) (EC) are composed of two linked complexes: the F1 ATPase complex is the catalytic core and is composed of 5 subunits (alpha, beta, gamma, delta, epsilon), while the F0 ATPase complex is the membrane-embedded proton channel that is composed of at least 3 subunits (A-C), nine in mitochondria (A-G, F6, F8). Both the F1 and F0 complexes are rotary motors that are coupled back-to-back. In the F1 complex, the central gamma subunit forms the rotor inside the cylinder made of the alpha(3)beta(3) subunits, while in the F0 complex, the ring-shaped C subunits forms the rotor. The two rotors rotate in opposite directions, but the F0 rotor is usually stronger, using the force from the proton gradient to push the F1 rotor in reverse in order to drive ATP synthesis [PUBMED:11309608]. These ATPases can also work in reverse to hydrolyse ATP to create a proton gradient.
This family represents subunits called delta in bacterial and chloroplast ATPase, or OSCP (oligomycin sensitivity conferral protein) in mitochondrial ATPase (note that in mitochondria there is a different delta subunit, INTERPRO). The OSCP/delta subunit appears to be part of the peripheral stalk that holds the F1 complex alpha3beta3 catalytic core stationary against the torque of the rotating central stalk, and links subunit A of the F0 complex with the F1 complex. In mitochondria, the peripheral stalk consists of OSCP, as well as F0 components F6, B and D. In bacteria and chloroplasts the peripheral stalks have different subunit compositions: delta and two copies of F0 component B (bacteria), or delta and F0 components B and B' (chloroplasts) [PUBMED:11309608, PUBMED:16045926].
More information about this protein can be found at Protein of the Month: ATP Synthases [PUBMED:].
The mapping between Pfam and Gene Ontology is provided by InterPro. If you use this data please cite InterPro.
|Molecular function||hydrogen ion transporting ATP synthase activity, rotational mechanism (GO:0046933)|
|Biological process||ATP synthesis coupled proton transport (GO:0015986)|
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|Number in seed:||192|
|Number in full:||4976|
|Average length of the domain:||165.70 aa|
|Average identity of full alignment:||25 %|
|Average coverage of the sequence by the domain:||84.70 %|
|HMM build commands:||
build method: hmmbuild -o /dev/null HMM SEED
search method: hmmsearch -Z 23193494 -E 1000 --cpu 4 HMM pfamseq
|Family (HMM) version:||13|
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For those sequences which have a structure in the Protein DataBank, we use the mapping between UniProt, PDB and Pfam coordinate systems from the PDBe group, to allow us to map Pfam domains onto UniProt sequences and three-dimensional protein structures. The table below shows the structures on which the OSCP domain has been found. There are 6 instances of this domain found in the PDB. Note that there may be multiple copies of the domain in a single PDB structure, since many structures contain multiple copies of the same protein seqence.
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