Summary: Guanylate kinase
This is the Wikipedia entry entitled "Guanylate kinase". More...
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Guanylate kinase Edit Wikipedia article
|PDB structures||RCSB PDB PDBe PDBsum|
|Gene Ontology||AmiGO / EGO|
|Structure of Guanylate Kinase.|
This enzyme belongs to the family of transferases, specifically those transferring phosphorus-containing groups (phosphotransferases) with a phosphate group as acceptor. This enzyme participates in purine metabolism.
Guanylate kinase catalyzes the ATP-dependent phosphorylation of GMP into GDP. It is essential for recycling GMP and indirectly, cGMP. In prokaryotes (such as Escherichia coli), lower eukaryotes (such as yeast) and in vertebrates, GK is a highly conserved monomeric protein of about 200 amino acids. GK has been shown to be structurally similar to protein A57R (or SalG2R) from various strains of Vaccinia virus.
The systematic name of this enzyme class is ATP:(d)GMP phosphotransferase. Other names in common use include"
- deoxyguanylate kinase,
- 5'-GMP kinase,
- GMP kinase,
- guanosine monophosphate kinase, and
- ATP:GMP phosphotransferase.
- Stehle T, Schulz GE (April 1992). "Refined structure of the complex between guanylate kinase and its substrate GMP at 2.0 A resolution". J. Mol. Biol. 224 (4): 1127–41. doi:10.1016/0022-2836(92)90474-X. PMID 1314905.
- Bryant PJ, Woods DF (February 1992). "A major palmitoylated membrane protein of human erythrocytes shows homology to yeast guanylate kinase and to the product of a Drosophila tumor suppressor gene". Cell 68 (4): 621–2. doi:10.1016/0092-8674(92)90136-Z. PMID 1310897.
- Zschocke PD, Schiltz E, Schulz GE (April 1993). "Purification and sequence determination of guanylate kinase from pig brain". Eur. J. Biochem. 213 (1): 263–9. doi:10.1111/j.1432-1033.1993.tb17757.x. PMID 8097461.
- Goebl MG (March 1992). "Is the erythrocyte protein p55 a membrane-bound guanylate kinase?". Trends Biochem. Sci. 17 (3): 99. doi:10.1016/0968-0004(92)90244-4. PMID 1329277.
 Further reading
- Buccino RJ Jr, Roth JS (1969). "Partial purification and properties of ATP:GMP phosphransferase from rat liver". Arch. Biochem. Biophys. 132 (1): 49–61. doi:10.1016/0003-9861(69)90337-3. PMID 4307347.
- Hiraga S, Sugino Y (1966). "Nucleoside monophosphokinases of Escherichia coli infected and uninfected with an RNA phage". Biochim. Biophys. Acta. 114 (2): 416–8. PMID 5329274.
- Griffith TJ, Helleiner CW (1965). "The partial purification of deoxynucleoside monophosphate kinases from L cells". Biochim. Biophys. Acta. 108 (1): 114–24. PMID 5862227.
- Oeschger MP, Bessman MJ (1966). "Purification and properties of guanylate kinase from Escherichia coli". J. Biol. Chem. 241 (22): 5452–60. PMID 5333666.
- Shimono H, Sugino Y (1971). "Metabolism of deoxyribonucleotides. Purification and properties of deoxyguanosine monophosphokinase of calf thymus". Eur. J. Biochem. 19 (2): 256–63. doi:10.1111/j.1432-1033.1971.tb01312.x. PMID 5552394.
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Internal database links
|Similarity to PfamA using HHSearch:||AAA ABC_tran DUF258 NTPase_1 IstB_IS21 MMR_HSR1 Thymidylate_kin AAA_5 KTI12 AAA_16 AAA_17 AAA_18 AAA_22 AAA_23 AAA_28 AAA_29 AAA_33|
External database links
This tab holds annotation information from the InterPro database.
InterPro entry IPR008144
Guanylate kinase (EC) (GK) [PUBMED:1314905] catalyzes the ATP-dependent phosphorylation of GMP into GDP. It is essential for recycling GMP and indirectly, cGMP. In prokaryotes (such as Escherichia coli), lower eukaryotes (such as yeast) and in vertebrates, GK is a highly conserved monomeric protein of about 200 amino acids. GK has been shown [PUBMED:1310897, PUBMED:8097461, PUBMED:1329277] to be structurally similar to protein A57R (or SalG2R) from various strains of Vaccinia virus.
Proteins containing one or more copies of the DHR domain, an SH3 domain as well as a C-terminal GK-like domain, are collectively termed MAGUKs (membrane-associated guanylate kinase homologs) [PUBMED:8155583], and include Drosophila lethal(1)discs large-1 tumor suppressor protein (gene dlg1); mammalian tight junction protein Zo-1; a family of mammalian synaptic proteins that seem to interact with the cytoplasmic tail of NMDA receptor subunits (SAP90/PSD-95, CHAPSYN-110/PSD-93, SAP97/DLG1 and SAP102); vertebrate 55kDa erythrocyte membrane protein (p55); Caenorhabditis elegans protein lin-2; rat protein CASK; and human proteins DLG2 and DLG3. There is an ATP-binding site (P-loop) in the N-terminal section of GK, which is not conserved in the GK-like domain of the above proteins. However these proteins retain the residues known, in GK, to be involved in the binding of GMP.
The mapping between Pfam and Gene Ontology is provided by InterPro. If you use this data please cite InterPro.
|Molecular function||protein binding (GO:0005515)|
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Curation and family details
|Seed source:||Bateman A|
|Number in seed:||12|
|Number in full:||8050|
|Average length of the domain:||171.00 aa|
|Average identity of full alignment:||31 %|
|Average coverage of the sequence by the domain:||44.42 %|
|HMM build commands:||
build method: hmmbuild -o /dev/null HMM SEED
search method: hmmsearch -Z 23193494 -E 1000 --cpu 4 HMM pfamseq
|Family (HMM) version:||16|
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There are 2 interactions for this family. More...
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For those sequences which have a structure in the Protein DataBank, we use the mapping between UniProt, PDB and Pfam coordinate systems from the PDBe group, to allow us to map Pfam domains onto UniProt sequences and three-dimensional protein structures. The table below shows the structures on which the Guanylate_kin domain has been found. There are 73 instances of this domain found in the PDB. Note that there may be multiple copies of the domain in a single PDB structure, since many structures contain multiple copies of the same protein seqence.
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