Summary: Arginyl tRNA synthetase N terminal domain
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Arginyl tRNA synthetase N terminal domain Provide feedback
This domain is found at the amino terminus of Arginyl tRNA synthetase, also called additional domain 1 (Add-1). It is about 140 residues long and it has been suggested that this domain will be involved in tRNA recognition .
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This tab holds annotation information from the InterPro database.
InterPro entry IPR005148
The aminoacyl-tRNA synthetases (EC) catalyse the attachment of an amino acid to its cognate transfer RNA molecule in a highly specific two-step reaction. These proteins differ widely in size and oligomeric state, and have limited sequence homology [PUBMED:2203971]. The 20 aminoacyl-tRNA synthetases are divided into two classes, I and II. Class I aminoacyl-tRNA synthetases contain a characteristic Rossman fold catalytic domain and are mostly monomeric [PUBMED:10673435]. Class II aminoacyl-tRNA synthetases share an anti-parallel beta-sheet fold flanked by alpha-helices [PUBMED:8364025], and are mostly dimeric or multimeric, containing at least three conserved regions [PUBMED:8274143, PUBMED:2053131, PUBMED:1852601]. However, tRNA binding involves an alpha-helical structure that is conserved between class I and class II synthetases. In reactions catalysed by the class I aminoacyl-tRNA synthetases, the aminoacyl group is coupled to the 2'-hydroxyl of the tRNA, while, in class II reactions, the 3'-hydroxyl site is preferred. The synthetases specific for arginine, cysteine, glutamic acid, glutamine, isoleucine, leucine, methionine, tyrosine, tryptophan and valine belong to class I synthetases. The synthetases specific for alanine, asparagine, aspartic acid, glycine, histidine, lysine, phenylalanine, proline, serine, and threonine belong to class-II synthetases [PUBMED:]. Based on their mode of binding to the tRNA acceptor stem, both classes of tRNA synthetases have been subdivided into three subclasses, designated 1a, 1b, 1c and 2a, 2b, 2c.
This domain is found at the N terminus of Arginyl tRNA synthetase, also called additional domain 1 (Add-1). It is about 140 residues long and it has been suggested to be involved in tRNA recognition [PUBMED:9736621].
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|Cellular component||cytoplasm (GO:0005737)|
|Molecular function||arginine-tRNA ligase activity (GO:0004814)|
|ATP binding (GO:0005524)|
|nucleotide binding (GO:0000166)|
|Biological process||arginyl-tRNA aminoacylation (GO:0006420)|
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Curation and family details
|Seed source:||Bateman A|
|Number in seed:||174|
|Number in full:||5094|
|Average length of the domain:||86.10 aa|
|Average identity of full alignment:||28 %|
|Average coverage of the sequence by the domain:||15.38 %|
|HMM build commands:||
build method: hmmbuild -o /dev/null HMM SEED
search method: hmmsearch -Z 23193494 -E 1000 --cpu 4 HMM pfamseq
|Family (HMM) version:||11|
|Download:||download the raw HMM for this family|
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For those sequences which have a structure in the Protein DataBank, we use the mapping between UniProt, PDB and Pfam coordinate systems from the PDBe group, to allow us to map Pfam domains onto UniProt sequences and three-dimensional protein structures. The table below shows the structures on which the Arg_tRNA_synt_N domain has been found. There are 10 instances of this domain found in the PDB. Note that there may be multiple copies of the domain in a single PDB structure, since many structures contain multiple copies of the same protein seqence.
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