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12  structures 2292  species 1  interaction 3232  sequences 15  architectures

Family: Peptidase_C26 (PF07722)

Summary: Peptidase C26

Pfam includes annotations and additional family information from a range of different sources. These sources can be accessed via the tabs below.

The Pfam group coordinates the annotation of Pfam families in Wikipedia, but we have not yet assigned a Wikipedia article to this family. If you think that a particular Wikipedia article provides good annotation, please let us know.

This tab holds the annotation information that is stored in the Pfam database. As we move to using Wikipedia as our main source of annotation, the contents of this tab will be gradually replaced by the Wikipedia tab.

Peptidase C26 Provide feedback

These peptidases have gamma-glutamyl hydrolase activity; that is they catalyse the cleavage of the gamma-glutamyl bond in poly-gamma-glutamyl substrates. They are structurally related to PF00117 but contain extensions in four loops and at the C terminus [1].

Literature references

  1. Li H, Ryan TJ, Chave KJ, Van Roey P; , J Biol Chem 2002;277:24522-24529.: Three-dimensional structure of human gamma -glutamyl hydrolase. A class I glatamine amidotransferase adapted for a complex substate. PUBMED:11953431 EPMC:11953431


External database links

This tab holds annotation information from the InterPro database.

InterPro entry IPR011697

In the MEROPS database peptidases and peptidase homologues are grouped into clans and families. Clans are groups of families for which there is evidence of common ancestry based on a common structural fold:

  • Each clan is identified with two letters, the first representing the catalytic type of the families included in the clan (with the letter 'P' being used for a clan containing families of more than one of the catalytic types serine, threonine and cysteine). Some families cannot yet be assigned to clans, and when a formal assignment is required, such a family is described as belonging to clan A-, C-, M-, N-, S-, T- or U-, according to the catalytic type. Some clans are divided into subclans because there is evidence of a very ancient divergence within the clan, for example MA(E), the gluzincins, and MA(M), the metzincins.
  • Peptidase families are grouped by their catalytic type, the first character representing the catalytic type: A, aspartic; C, cysteine; G, glutamic acid; M, metallo; N, asparagine; S, serine; T, threonine; and U, unknown. The serine, threonine and cysteine peptidases utilise the amino acid as a nucleophile and form an acyl intermediate - these peptidases can also readily act as transferases. In the case of aspartic, glutamic and metallopeptidases, the nucleophile is an activated water molecule. In the case of the asparagine endopeptidases, the nucleophile is asparagine and all are self-processing endopeptidases.

In many instances the structural protein fold that characterises the clan or family may have lost its catalytic activity, yet retain its function in protein recognition and binding.

Cysteine peptidases have characteristic molecular topologies, which can be seen not only in their three-dimensional structures, but commonly also in the two-dimensional structures. These are peptidases in which the nucleophile is the sulphydryl group of a cysteine residue. Cysteine proteases are divided into clans (proteins which are evolutionary related), and further sub-divided into families, on the basis of the architecture of their catalytic dyad or triad [PUBMED:11517925].

These peptidases have gamma-glutamyl hydrolase activity; that is they catalyse the cleavage of the gamma-glutamyl bond in poly-gamma-glutamyl substrates. They are structurally related to , but contain extensions in four loops and at the C terminus [PUBMED:11953431]. They belong to MEROPS peptidase family C26 (gamma-glutamyl hydrolase family), clan PC. The majority of the sequences are classified as unassigned peptidases.

Gene Ontology

The mapping between Pfam and Gene Ontology is provided by InterPro. If you use this data please cite InterPro.

Domain organisation

Below is a listing of the unique domain organisations or architectures in which this domain is found. More...

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Pfam Clan

This family is a member of clan Glutaminase_I (CL0014), which has the following description:

Most members of this clan are glutaminase enzymes. This superfamily is shown to be related in [1]. The clan also contains the DJ-1/PfpI family that includes the peptidase PfpI that has a catalytic Cys-His-Glu triad that differs from the class I GAT Cys-His-Glu triad.

The clan contains the following 13 members:

BPL_N DJ-1_PfpI DUF1355 DUF4066 GATase GATase_3 GATase_5 Glyco_hydro_42M HTS Peptidase_C26 Peptidase_S51 SNO ThuA

Alignments

We store a range of different sequence alignments for families. As well as the seed alignment from which the family is built, we provide the full alignment, generated by searching the sequence database using the family HMM. We also generate alignments using four representative proteomes (RP) sets, the NCBI sequence database, and our metagenomics sequence database. More...

View options

We make a range of alignments for each Pfam-A family. You can see a description of each above. You can view these alignments in various ways but please note that some types of alignment are never generated while others may not be available for all families, most commonly because the alignments are too large to handle.

  Seed
(45)
Full
(3232)
Representative proteomes NCBI
(18376)
Meta
(10620)
RP15
(299)
RP35
(509)
RP55
(675)
RP75
(825)
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HTML View  View  View  View  View  View     
PP/heatmap 1 View  View  View  View  View     
Pfam viewer View  View             

1Cannot generate PP/Heatmap alignments for seeds; no PP data available

Key: ✓ available, x not generated, not available.

Format an alignment

  Seed
(45)
Full
(3232)
Representative proteomes NCBI
(18376)
Meta
(10620)
RP15
(299)
RP35
(509)
RP55
(675)
RP75
(825)
Alignment:
Format:
Order:
Sequence:
Gaps:
Download/view:

Download options

We make all of our alignments available in Stockholm format. You can download them here as raw, plain text files or as gzip-compressed files.

  Seed
(45)
Full
(3232)
Representative proteomes NCBI
(18376)
Meta
(10620)
RP15
(299)
RP35
(509)
RP55
(675)
RP75
(825)
Raw Stockholm Download   Download   Download   Download   Download   Download   Download   Download  
Gzipped Download   Download   Download   Download   Download   Download   Download   Download  

You can also download a FASTA format file containing the full-length sequences for all sequences in the full alignment.

External links

MyHits provides a collection of tools to handle multiple sequence alignments. For example, one can refine a seed alignment (sequence addition or removal, re-alignment or manual edition) and then search databases for remote homologs using HMMER3.

Pfam alignments:

HMM logo

HMM logos is one way of visualising profile HMMs. Logos provide a quick overview of the properties of an HMM in a graphical form. You can see a more detailed description of HMM logos and find out how you can interpret them here. More...

Trees

This page displays the phylogenetic tree for this family's seed alignment. We use FastTree to calculate neighbour join trees with a local bootstrap based on 100 resamples (shown next to the tree nodes). FastTree calculates approximately-maximum-likelihood phylogenetic trees from our seed alignment.

Note: You can also download the data file for the tree.

Curation and family details

This section shows the detailed information about the Pfam family. You can see the definitions of many of the terms in this section in the glossary and a fuller explanation of the scoring system that we use in the scores section of the help pages.

Curation View help on the curation process

Seed source: MEROPS
Previous IDs: none
Type: Domain
Author: Studholme DJ
Number in seed: 45
Number in full: 3232
Average length of the domain: 205.10 aa
Average identity of full alignment: 31 %
Average coverage of the sequence by the domain: 78.01 %

HMM information View help on HMM parameters

HMM build commands:
build method: hmmbuild -o /dev/null HMM SEED
search method: hmmsearch -Z 23193494 -E 1000 --cpu 4 HMM pfamseq
Model details:
Parameter Sequence Domain
Gathering cut-off 20.5 20.5
Trusted cut-off 20.5 20.5
Noise cut-off 20.4 20.4
Model length: 217
Family (HMM) version: 8
Download: download the raw HMM for this family

Species distribution

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This visualisation provides a simple graphical representation of the distribution of this family across species. You can find the original interactive tree in the adjacent tab. More...

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Interactions

There is 1 interaction for this family. More...

Peptidase_C26

Structures

For those sequences which have a structure in the Protein DataBank, we use the mapping between UniProt, PDB and Pfam coordinate systems from the PDBe group, to allow us to map Pfam domains onto UniProt sequences and three-dimensional protein structures. The table below shows the structures on which the Peptidase_C26 domain has been found. There are 12 instances of this domain found in the PDB. Note that there may be multiple copies of the domain in a single PDB structure, since many structures contain multiple copies of the same protein seqence.

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