Summary: TFIIH C1-like domain
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C1 domain Edit Wikipedia article
|Phorbol esters/diacylglycerol binding domain (C1 domain)|
|C1 domain of PKC-delta (1ptr)
Middle plane of the lipid bilayer - black dots. Boundary of the hydrocarbon core region - blue dots (cytoplasmic side). Layer of lipid phosphates - yellow dots.
C1 domain (also known as phorbol esters/diacylglycerol binding domain) binds an important secondary messenger diacylglycerol (DAG), as well as the analogous phorbol esters. Phorbol esters can directly stimulate protein kinase C, PKC. The N-terminal region of PKC, known as C1, has been shown
Phorbol esters (such as PMA) are analogues of DAG and potent tumor promoters that cause a variety of physiological changes when administered to both cells and tissues. DAG activates a family of serine/threonine protein kinases, collectively known as protein kinase C (PKC). Phorbol esters can directly stimulate PKC.
The N-terminal region of PKC, known as C1, binds PMA and DAG in a phospholipid and zinc-dependent fashion. The C1 region contains one or two copies of a cysteine-rich domain, which is about 50 amino-acid residues long, and which is essential for DAG/PMA-binding.
The DAG/PMA-binding domain binds two zinc ions; the ligands of these metal ions are probably the six cysteines and two histidines that are conserved in this domain.
 Human proteins containing this domain
AKAP13; ARAF; ARHGAP29; ARHGEF2; BRAF; CDC42BPA; CDC42BPB; CDC42BPG; CHN1; CHN2; CIT; DGKA; DGKB; DGKD; DGKE; DGKG; DGKH; DGKI; DGKK; DGKQ; DGKZ; GMIP; HMHA1; KSR1; KSR2; MYO9A; MYO9B; PDZD8; PRKCA; PRKCB1; PRKCD; PRKCE; PRKCG; PRKCH; PRKCI; PRKCN; PRKCQ; PRKCZ; PRKD1; PRKD2; PRKD3; RACGAP1; RAF1; RASGRP; RASGRP1; RASGRP2; RASGRP3; RASGRP4; RASSF1; RASSF5; ROCK1; ROCK2; STAC; STAC2; STAC3; TENC1; UNC13A; UNC13B; UNC13C; VAV1; VAV2; VAV3;
- Azzi A, Boscoboinik D, Hensey C (1992). "The protein kinase C family". Eur. J. Biochem. 208 (3): 547–557. doi:10.1111/j.1432-1033.1992.tb17219.x. PMID 1396661.
- Kikkawa U, Nishizuka Y, Igarashi K, Fujii T, Ono Y, Kuno T, Tanaka C (1989). "Phorbol ester binding to protein kinase C requires a cysteine-rich zinc-finger-like sequence". Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 86 (13): 4868–4871. doi:10.1073/pnas.86.13.4868. PMC 297516. PMID 2500657. //www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC297516/.
- UMich Orientation of Proteins in Membranes families/superfamily-63 - Orientations of C1 domains in membranes (OPM)
TFIIH C1-like domain Provide feedback
The carboxyl-terminal region of TFIIH is essential for transcription activity. This regions binds three zinc atoms through two independent domain. The first contains a C4 zinc finger motif, whereas the second is characterised by a CX(2)CX(2-4)FCADCD motif. The solution structure of the second C-terminal domain revealed homology with the regulatory domain of protein kinase C (PF00130) .
Fribourg S, Kellenberger E, Rogniaux H, Poterszman A, Van Dorsselaer A, Thierry JC, Egly JM, Moras D, Kieffer B; , J Biol Chem 2000;275:31963-31971.: Structural characterization of the cysteine-rich domain of TFIIH p44 subunit. PUBMED:10882739 EPMC:10882739
External database links
This tab holds annotation information from the InterPro database.
InterPro entry IPR004595
The carboxyl-terminal region of TFIIH is essential for transcription activity. This regions binds three zinc atoms through two independent domains. The first contains a C4 zinc finger motif, whereas the second is characterised by a CX(2)CX(2-4)FCADCD motif. The solution structure of the second C-terminal domain revealed homology with the regulatory domain of protein kinase C [PUBMED:10882739].
|Cellular component||nucleus (GO:0005634)|
|Biological process||DNA repair (GO:0006281)|
- the number of sequences which exhibit this architecture
a textual description of the architecture, e.g. Gla, EGF x 2, Trypsin.
This example describes an architecture with one
Gladomain, followed by two consecutive
EGFdomains, and finally a single
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Curation and family details
|Seed source:||Pfam-B_10678 (release 16.0)|
|Number in seed:||16|
|Number in full:||268|
|Average length of the domain:||52.60 aa|
|Average identity of full alignment:||46 %|
|Average coverage of the sequence by the domain:||12.05 %|
|HMM build commands:||
build method: hmmbuild -o /dev/null HMM SEED
search method: hmmsearch -Z 23193494 -E 1000 --cpu 4 HMM pfamseq
|Family (HMM) version:||7|
|Download:||download the raw HMM for this family|
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For those sequences which have a structure in the Protein DataBank, we use the mapping between UniProt, PDB and Pfam coordinate systems from the PDBe group, to allow us to map Pfam domains onto UniProt sequences and three-dimensional protein structures. The table below shows the structures on which the C1_4 domain has been found. There are 1 instances of this domain found in the PDB. Note that there may be multiple copies of the domain in a single PDB structure, since many structures contain multiple copies of the same protein seqence.
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