Summary: Myelin-PO cytoplasmic C-term p65 binding region
The Pfam group coordinates the annotation of Pfam families in Wikipedia, but we have not yet assigned a Wikipedia article to this family. If you think that a particular Wikipedia article provides good annotation, please let us know.
Myelin-PO cytoplasmic C-term p65 binding region Provide feedback
Myelin protein zero is the major myelin protein in the peripheral central nervous system and is essential for normal myelination. The family is a single-pass transmembrane molecule containing one Ig-like loop in the extracellular domain and this highly basic 69 residue C-terminal cytoplasmic domain which is the region that interacts with protein p65 .
Gaboreanu AM, Hrstka R, Xu W, Shy M, Kamholz J, Lilien J, Balsamo J;, J Cell Biol. 2007;177:707-716.: Myelin protein zero/P0 phosphorylation and function require an adaptor protein linking it to RACK1 and PKC alpha. PUBMED:17502419 EPMC:17502419
External database links
This tab holds annotation information from the InterPro database.
InterPro entry IPR019566
The myelin sheath is a multi-layered membrane, unique to the nervous system, that functions as an insulator to greatly increase the velocity of axonal impulse conduction. The P0 glycoprotein, absent in the central nervous system [PUBMED:2435734], is a major component of the myelin sheath in peripheral nerves. It comprises a large extracellular N-terminal domain, a single transmembrane (TM) region, and a smaller positively charged intracellular domain. It is postulated that P0 is a structural element in the formation and stabilisation of peripheral nerve myelin [PUBMED:2578885], holding its characteristic coil structure together by the interaction of its positively-charged domain with acidic lipids in the cytoplasmic face of the opposed bilayer, and by interaction between hydrophobic globular `heads' of adjacent extracellular domains [PUBMED:2435734].
This entry is the extracellular domain found at the C-terminal end of myelin-PO.
- the number of sequences which exhibit this architecture
a textual description of the architecture, e.g. Gla, EGF x 2, Trypsin.
This example describes an architecture with one
Gladomain, followed by two consecutive
EGFdomains, and finally a single
- the UniProt description of the protein sequence
- the number of residues in the sequence
- the Pfam graphic itself.
Loading domain graphics...
We make a range of alignments for each Pfam-A family:
- the curated alignment from which the HMM for the family is built
- the alignment generated by searching the sequence database using the HMM
- Representative Proteomes (RPs) at 15%, 35%, 55% and 75% co-membership thresholds
- alignment generated by searching the NCBI sequence database using the family HMM
- alignment generated by searching the metagenomics sequence database using the family HMM
You can see the alignments as HTML or in three different sequence viewers:
- Pfam viewer
- an HTML-based viewer that uses DAS to retrieve alignment fragments on request
1Cannot generate PP/Heatmap alignments for seeds; no PP data available
Key: available, not generated, — not available.
Format an alignment
If you find these logos useful in your own work, please consider citing the following article:
Note: You can also download the data file for the tree.
Curation and family details
|Seed source:||Pfam-B_1437 (release 22.0), PROSITE_PS00568|
|Author:||Finn R, Coggill P|
|Number in seed:||4|
|Number in full:||47|
|Average length of the domain:||66.80 aa|
|Average identity of full alignment:||75 %|
|Average coverage of the sequence by the domain:||27.58 %|
|HMM build commands:||
build method: hmmbuild -o /dev/null HMM SEED
search method: hmmsearch -Z 23193494 -E 1000 --cpu 4 HMM pfamseq
|Family (HMM) version:||4|
|Download:||download the raw HMM for this family|
Weight segments by...
Change the size of the sunburst
selected sequences to HMM
a FASTA-format file
- 0 sequences
- 0 species
How the sunburst is generated
Colouring and labels
Anomalies in the taxonomy tree
Missing taxonomic levels
Unmapped species names
Too many species/sequences
The tree shows the occurrence of this domain across different species. More...
You can use the tree controls to manipulate how the interactive tree is displayed:
- show/hide the summary boxes
- highlight species that are represented in the seed alignment
- expand/collapse the tree or expand it to a given depth
- select a sub-tree or a set of species within the tree and view them graphically or as an alignment
- save a plain text representation of the tree