Summary: Alpha/beta hydrolase family
This is the Wikipedia entry entitled "Alpha/beta hydrolase fold". More...
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Alpha/beta hydrolase fold Edit Wikipedia article
A bacterial lipase, one of this family members
In molecular biology, the alpha/beta hydrolase fold is common to a number of hydrolytic enzymes of widely differing phylogenetic origin and catalytic function. The core of each enzyme is an alpha/beta-sheet (rather than a barrel), containing 8 beta strands connected by 6 alpha helices. The enzymes are believed to have diverged from a common ancestor, preserving the arrangement of the catalytic residues. All have a catalytic triad, the elements of which are borne on loops, which are the best-conserved structural features of the fold.
This catalytic domain is found in a very wide range of enzymes which do not share obvious sequence similarity. The alpha/beta hydrolase fold includes proteases, lipases, peroxidases, esterases, epoxide hydrolases and dehalogenases.
The ESTHER database provides a large collection of information about this family of proteins.
Human proteins containing this domain
ABHD10; ABHD11; ABHD12; ABHD12B; ABHD13; ABHD2; ABHD3; ABHD4; ABHD5; ABHD6; ABHD7; ABHD8; ABHD9; BAT5; BPHL; C20orf135; EPHX1; EPHX2; FAM108B1; LIPA; LIPF; LIPJ; LIPK; LIPM; LIPN; MEST; MGLL; PPME1; SERHL; SERHL2; SPG21; CES1; CES2
- Serine hydrolase - an enzyme family that is composed largely of proteins with alpha-beta hydrolase folds
- Ollis, D. L., Cheah, E., Cygler, M., Dijkstra, B., Frolow, F., Franken, S. M., Harel, M., Remington, S. J., Silman, I., Schrag, J., Sussman, J. L., Verschueren, K. H. G. & Goldman, A. (1992). "The alpha/beta hydrolase fold". Protein Eng. 5 (3): 197–211. doi:10.1093/protein/5.3.197. PMID 1409539.
- Carr PD, Ollis DL (2009). "Alpha/beta hydrolase fold: an update". Protein Pept. Lett. 16 (10): 1137–48. PMID 19508187.
- Nardini M, Dijkstra BW (December 1999). "Alpha/beta hydrolase fold enzymes: the family keeps growing". Curr. Opin. Struct. Biol. 9 (6): 732–7. doi:10.1016/S0959-440X(99)00037-8. PMID 10607665.
- Renault L, Nègre V, Hotelier T, Cousin X, Marchot P, Chatonnet A (December 2005). "New friendly tools for users of ESTHER, the database of the alpha/beta-hydrolase fold superfamily of proteins". Chem. Biol. Interact. 157-158: 339–43. doi:10.1016/j.cbi.2005.10.100. PMID 16297901.
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Alpha/beta hydrolase family Provide feedback
This family contains a diverse range of alpha/beta hydrolase enzymes.
Internal database links
External database links
This tab holds annotation information from the InterPro database.
No InterPro data for this Pfam family.
- the number of sequences which exhibit this architecture
a textual description of the architecture, e.g. Gla, EGF x 2, Trypsin.
This example describes an architecture with one
Gladomain, followed by two consecutive
EGFdomains, and finally a single
- the UniProt description of the protein sequence
- the number of residues in the sequence
- the Pfam graphic itself.
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This catalytic domain is found in a very wide range of enzymes.
The clan contains the following 67 members:Abhydro_lipase Abhydrolase_1 Abhydrolase_2 Abhydrolase_3 Abhydrolase_4 Abhydrolase_5 Abhydrolase_6 Abhydrolase_7 Abhydrolase_8 Acyl_transf_2 Arb2 AXE1 BAAT_C Chlorophyllase Chlorophyllase2 COesterase Cutinase DLH DUF1057 DUF1100 DUF1350 DUF1400 DUF1749 DUF2048 DUF2235 DUF2305 DUF2424 DUF2920 DUF2974 DUF3089 DUF3141 DUF3530 DUF452 DUF676 DUF726 DUF818 DUF829 DUF900 DUF915 EHN Esterase Esterase_phd FSH1 Hydrolase_4 LCAT LIP Lipase Lipase_2 Lipase_3 Ndr PAF-AH_p_II Palm_thioest PE-PPE Peptidase_S10 Peptidase_S15 Peptidase_S28 Peptidase_S37 Peptidase_S9 PGAP1 PhaC_N PHB_depo_C PhoPQ_related Ser_hydrolase Tannase Thioesterase UPF0227 VirJ
We make a range of alignments for each Pfam-A family:
- the curated alignment from which the HMM for the family is built
- the alignment generated by searching the sequence database using the HMM
- Representative Proteomes (RPs) at 15%, 35%, 55% and 75% co-membership thresholds
- alignment generated by searching the NCBI sequence database using the family HMM
- alignment generated by searching the metagenomics sequence database using the family HMM
You can see the alignments as HTML or in three different sequence viewers:
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1Cannot generate PP/Heatmap alignments for seeds; no PP data available
Key: available, not generated, — not available.
Format an alignment
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Curation and family details
|Number in seed:||308|
|Number in full:||16512|
|Average length of the domain:||192.90 aa|
|Average identity of full alignment:||14 %|
|Average coverage of the sequence by the domain:||59.02 %|
|HMM build commands:||
build method: hmmbuild -o /dev/null HMM SEED
search method: hmmsearch -Z 23193494 -E 1000 --cpu 4 HMM pfamseq
|Family (HMM) version:||2|
|Download:||download the raw HMM for this family|
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The tree shows the occurrence of this domain across different species. More...
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For those sequences which have a structure in the Protein DataBank, we use the mapping between UniProt, PDB and Pfam coordinate systems from the PDBe group, to allow us to map Pfam domains onto UniProt sequences and three-dimensional protein structures. The table below shows the structures on which the Abhydrolase_5 domain has been found. There are 56 instances of this domain found in the PDB. Note that there may be multiple copies of the domain in a single PDB structure, since many structures contain multiple copies of the same protein seqence.
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