Summary: PPR repeat family
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PPR repeat family Provide feedback
This repeat has no known function. It is about 35 amino acids long and is found in up to 18 copies in some proteins. The family appears to be greatly expanded in plants and fungi. The repeat has been called PPR .
External database links
This tab holds annotation information from the InterPro database.
InterPro entry IPR002885
This entry represents the PPR repeat.
Pentatricopeptide repeat (PPR) proteins are characterised by tandem repeats of a degenerate 35 amino acid motif [PUBMED:10664580]. Most of PPR proteins have roles in mitochondria or plastid [PUBMED:15270678]. PPR repeats were discovered while screening Arabidopsis proteins for those predicted to be targeted to mitochondria or chloroplast [PUBMED:10664580, PUBMED:15269332]. Some of these proteins have been shown to play a role in post-transcriptional processes within organelles and they are thought to be sequence-specific RNA-binding proteins [PUBMED:12782738, PUBMED:12832482, PUBMED:18031283]. Plant genomes have between one hundred to five hundred PPR genes per genome whereas non-plant genomes encode two to six PPR proteins.
Although no PPR structures are yet known, the motif is predicted to fold into a helix-turn-helix structure similar to those found in the tetratricopeptide repeat (TPR) family (see PROSITEDOC) [PUBMED:10664580].
Examples of PPR repeat-containing proteins include PET309 SWISSPROT, which may be involved in RNA stabilisation [PUBMED:7664742], and crp1, which is involved in RNA processing [PUBMED:8039510]. The repeat is associated with a predicted plant protein SWISSPROT that has a domain organisation similar to the human BRCA1 protein.
- the number of sequences which exhibit this architecture
a textual description of the architecture, e.g. Gla, EGF x 2, Trypsin.
This example describes an architecture with one
Gladomain, followed by two consecutive
EGFdomains, and finally a single
- the UniProt description of the protein sequence
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Tetratricopeptide-like repeats are found in a numerous and diverse proteins involved in such functions as cell cycle regulation, transcriptional control, mitochondrial and peroxisomal protein transport, neurogenesis and protein folding.
The clan contains the following 117 members:Adaptin_N Alkyl_sulf_dimr Apc3 Apc5 API5 Arm Arm_2 Avirulence BTAD CAS_CSE1 ChAPs CLASP_N Clathrin Clathrin-link Clathrin_propel Cnd1 Cnd3 Coatomer_E Cohesin_HEAT Cohesin_load CRM1_C Cse1 DNA_alkylation Drf_FH3 Drf_GBD DUF1822 DUF2225 DUF3385 DUF3458 DUF3808 DUF3856 EST1_DNA_bind FAT Fis1_TPR_C Fis1_TPR_N Foie-gras_1 GUN4 HAT HEAT HEAT_2 HEAT_EZ HEAT_PBS HemY_N IBB IBN_N IFRD KAP Leuk-A4-hydro_C LRV LRV_FeS MA3 MIF4G MIF4G_like MIF4G_like_2 MMS19_C Mo25 MRP-S27 NARP1 Neurochondrin Nro1 NSF Paf67 ParcG PC_rep PHAT PI3Ka PPP5 PPR PPR_1 PPR_2 PPR_3 Proteasom_PSMB PUF Rab5-bind Rapsyn_N RPN7 Sel1 SHNi-TPR SNAP SPO22 ST7 Suf SusD SusD-like SusD-like_2 SusD-like_3 Tcf25 TOM20_plant TPR_1 TPR_10 TPR_11 TPR_12 TPR_14 TPR_15 TPR_16 TPR_17 TPR_18 TPR_19 TPR_2 TPR_20 TPR_21 TPR_3 TPR_4 TPR_5 TPR_6 TPR_7 TPR_8 TPR_9 Upf2 V-ATPase_H_C V-ATPase_H_N Vac14_Fab1_bd Vitellogenin_N Vps39_1 W2 Xpo1 YfiO
We make a range of alignments for each Pfam-A family:
- the curated alignment from which the HMM for the family is built
- the alignment generated by searching the sequence database using the HMM
- Representative Proteomes (RPs) at 15%, 35%, 55% and 75% co-membership thresholds
- alignment generated by searching the NCBI sequence database using the family HMM
- alignment generated by searching the metagenomics sequence database using the family HMM
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1Cannot generate PP/Heatmap alignments for seeds; no PP data available
Key: available, not generated, — not available.
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Curation and family details
|Seed source:||Wood V|
|Number in seed:||436|
|Number in full:||33080|
|Average length of the domain:||49.20 aa|
|Average identity of full alignment:||26 %|
|Average coverage of the sequence by the domain:||28.42 %|
|HMM build commands:||
build method: hmmbuild -o /dev/null HMM SEED
search method: hmmsearch -Z 23193494 -E 1000 --cpu 4 HMM pfamseq
|Family (HMM) version:||1|
|Download:||download the raw HMM for this family|
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