Summary: Peptidase S7, Flavivirus NS3 serine protease
Peptidase S7, Flavivirus NS3 serine protease Provide feedback
The viral genome is a positive strand RNA that encodes a single polyprotein precursor. Processing of the polyprotein precursor into mature proteins is carried out by the host signal peptidase and by NS3 serine protease, which requires NS2B (PF01002) as a cofactor .
Kapoor M, Zhang L, Ramachandra M, Kusukawa J, Ebner KE, Padmanabhan R; , J Biol Chem 1995;270:19100-19106.: Association between NS3 and NS5 proteins of dengue virus type 2 in the putative RNA replicase is linked to differential phosphorylation of NS5. PUBMED:7642575 EPMC:7642575
Koonin EV, Dolja VV; , Crit Rev Biochem Mol Biol 1993;28:375-430.: Evolution and taxonomy of positive-strand RNA viruses: implications of comparative analysis of amino acid sequences. PUBMED:8269709 EPMC:8269709
Murthy HM, Clum S, Padmanabhan R; , J Biol Chem 1999;274:5573-5580.: Dengue virus NS3 serine protease. Crystal structure and insights into interaction of the active site with substrates by molecular modeling and structural analysis of mutational effects. PUBMED:10026173 EPMC:10026173
External database links
This tab holds annotation information from the InterPro database.
InterPro entry IPR001850
The viral genome of Flavivirus is a positive strand RNA that encodes a single polyprotein precursor. Processing of the polyprotein precursor into mature proteins is carried out by the host signal peptidase and by NS3 serine protease, which requires NS2B (INTERPRO) as a cofactor [PUBMED:10026173].
Pathogenic members of the flavivirus family, including West Nile Virus (WNV) and Dengue Virus (DV), are growing global threats for which there are no specific treatments. The genome encodes three structural proteins found in the mature virion (C, prM, and E) and seven "nonstructural" (i.e., not part of the virion architecture) proteins (NS1, NS2A, NS2B, NS3, NS4A, NS4B, and NS5). Full-length NS3 is a bifunctional protein. The N-terminal 175 residues comprise a chymotrypsin-like protease, while the C-terminal portion is a helicase. The NS2B protein, which is located in the polypeptide precursor immediately upstream of the NS3 protease domain, functions as the cofactor for NS3 protease. A 35-48 residue central portion is required for protease activity in vitro, while N- and C-terminal flanking hydrophobic regions are predicted to anchor the NS2B-NS3 complex into the host endoplasmic reticulum membrane. The two component flaviviral enzyme NS2B-NS3 cleaves the viral polyprotein precursor within the host cell, a process that is required for viral replication [PUBMED:17400917, PUBMED:19693793, PUBMED:20042502]. The NS3 protease forms the MEROPS peptidase family S7 (flavivirin family), clan PA.
The NS3 protease has a classical serine protease catalytic triad (His, Asp, and Ser). The enzymatic activity is enhanced by interacting with the central 40 amino acid of NS2B which acts as an essential cofactor. The NS3 protease domain has an overall structure of two barrels made of six beta sheets each, with the active site located in the cleft between the barrels. The NS2B hydrophilic core cofactor contributes one of the N-terminal beta sheets [PUBMED:17400917, PUBMED:19693793, PUBMED:20042502].
The mapping between Pfam and Gene Ontology is provided by InterPro. If you use this data please cite InterPro.
|Molecular function||RNA binding (GO:0003723)|
|ATP binding (GO:0005524)|
|RNA helicase activity (GO:0003724)|
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Curation and family details
|Seed source:||Pfam-B_199 (release 3.0)|
|Number in seed:||50|
|Number in full:||3378|
|Average length of the domain:||149.10 aa|
|Average identity of full alignment:||68 %|
|Average coverage of the sequence by the domain:||4.59 %|
|HMM build commands:||
build method: hmmbuild -o /dev/null HMM SEED
search method: hmmsearch -Z 23193494 -E 1000 --cpu 4 HMM pfamseq
|Family (HMM) version:||16|
|Download:||download the raw HMM for this family|
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For those sequences which have a structure in the Protein DataBank, we use the mapping between UniProt, PDB and Pfam coordinate systems from the PDBe group, to allow us to map Pfam domains onto UniProt sequences and three-dimensional protein structures. The table below shows the structures on which the Peptidase_S7 domain has been found. There are 15 instances of this domain found in the PDB. Note that there may be multiple copies of the domain in a single PDB structure, since many structures contain multiple copies of the same protein seqence.
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